A meniscus is a crescent-shaped cartilage structure that partly divides a joint cavity. The menisci of the knee are two pads of fibrocartilaginous tissue which serve to disperse friction in the knee joint between the lower leg and the thigh. The menisci act to disperse the weight of the body and reduce friction during movement. Since the condyles of the thigh and leg meet at one point (which changes during flexion and extension), the menisci spread the load of the body's weight.

Tear of the meniscus happens during physical activity, or following a fall. Once diagnosed with an MRI on the type of meniscal tear, repair will be done using special devices. This procedure will be done by making just two holes over the knee.


The patient will be asked to walk without putting weight or pressure using crutches on the repaired meniscus for the purpose of better healing. At the end of two weeks, the patient will be required to visit the doctor for the removal of stitches. During this visit, the patient will be assessed and further knee movements, that is, bending movements up to 90 degrees will be advised. Further exercises for the thigh muscles will be advised by the concerned doctor. Also, ice packs to be kept over the knee joint every three hours is suggested.

Further protocol measures to be taken by the patient would be to visit the doctor on a monthly basis and commence physiotherapy sessions. By the end of the sixth month, the patient should be able to get back to regular physical activities and sports, provided he/ she has followed the physiotherapy correctly.